Bibliography

Aarnoudse-Moens, C., Weisglas-Kuperus, N., van Goudoever, J. and Oosterlaan, J. (2009). Meta-Analysis of Neurobehavioral Outcomes in Very Preterm and/or Very Low Birth Weight Children. Pediatrics, 124(2), pp.717-728.

Barker, D. (2007). The origins of the developmental origins theory. J Intern Med, 261(5), pp.412-417.

Bax, M., Tydeman, C. and Flodmark, O. (2006). Clinical and MRI Correlates of Cerebral Palsy. JAMA, [online] 296(13), p.1602. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.296.13.1602 [Accessed 4 Sep. 2016].

Birch, E., Garfield, S., Hoffman, D., Uauy, R. and Birch, D. (2000). A randomized controlled trial of early dietary supply of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and mental development in term infants. Dev Med Child Neurol, 42(3), pp.174-181.

Brand, A., Crawford, M. and Yavin, E. (2010). Retailoring docosahexaenoic acid-containing phospholipid species during impaired neurogenesis following Omega-3 Alfa-linolenic acid deprivation. Journal of Neurochemistry, p.114(5): 1393–404.

Brenna, J. and Lapillonne, A. (2009). Background Paper on Fat and Fatty Acid Requirements during Pregnancy and Lactation. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 55(1-3), pp.97-122.

Budowski, P., Leighfield, M. and Crawford, M. (1987). Nutritional encephalomalacia in the chick: an exposure of the vulnerable period for cerebellar development and the possible need for both Omega-6- and Omega-3-fatty acids. BJN, 58(03), p.511.

Burke, C., Tannenberg, A. and Payton, D. (2008). Ischaemic cerebral injury, intrauterine growth retardation, and placental infarction. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 39(11), pp.726-730.

Carlson, S. and Werkman, S. (1996). A randomized trial of visual attention of preterm infants fed docosahexaenoic acid until two months. Lipids, 31(1), pp.85-90.

Cowan, L., Leviton, A. and Dammann, O. (2000). New Research Directions in Neuroepidemiology. Epidemiologic Reviews, 22(1), pp.18-23.

Crawford, M., Golfetto, I., Ghebremeskel, K., Min, Y., Moodley, T., Poston, L., Phylactos, A., Cunnane, S. and Schmidt, W. (2003). The potential role for arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids in protection against some central nervous system injuries in preterm infants. Lipids, 38(4), pp.303-315.

Crawford, M., Williams, G., Hassam, A. and Whitehouse, W. (1976). Essential fatty acids and fetal brain growth. The Lancet, 307(7957), pp.452-453.

Daak, A., Ghebremeskel, K., Elbashir, M., Bakhita, A., Hassan, Z. and Crawford, M. (2011). Hydroxyurea Therapy Mobilises Arachidonic Acid from Inner Cell Membrane Aminophospholipids in Patients with Homozygous Sickle Cell Disease. Journal of Lipids, 2011, pp.1-8.

Dammann, O., Naples, M., Bednarek, F., Shah, B., Kuban, K., O’Shea, T., Paneth, N., Allred, E. and Leviton, A. (2010). SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II and the Risk of Structural and Functional Brain Disorders in Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns: The ELGAN Study. Neonatology, 97(2), pp.71-82.

Drury, P.J., Crawford, M.A. (1991) Essential fatty acids in human milk in Clinical Nutrition of the Young Child. In Brunser, O. Clinical nutrition of the young child. Raven Press, New York. pp 302–312.

Duggan, P., Maalouf, E., Watts, T., Sullivan, M., Counsell, S., Allsop, J., Al-Nakib, L., Rutherford, M., Battin, M., Roberts, I. and Edwards, A. (2001). Intrauterine T-cell activation and increased proinflammatory cytokine concentrations in preterm infants with cerebral lesions. The Lancet, 358(9294), pp.1699-1700.

FAO/WHO  (1978) A joint international expert consultation on The Role of Dietary Fats and Oils in Human Nutrition, Nutrition report no 3, FAO, Rome (see also the recent update.)

FAO/WHO (2008-2010) Fats And Fatty Acids In Human Nutrition. Report of an expert consultation, FAO Food Nutr Paper, 91 (2010) 1-166.

Fats and fatty acids in human nutrition. (2010). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Hibbeln, J., Davis, J., Steer, C., Emmett, P., Rogers, I., Williams, C. and Golding, J. (2007). Maternal seafood consumption in pregnancy and neurodevelopmental outcomes in childhood (ALSPAC study): an observational cohort study. The Lancet, 369(9561), pp.578-585.

Kim, H. and Spector, A. (2013). Synaptamide, endocannabinoid-like derivative of docosahexaenoic acid with cannabinoid-independent function. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids (PLEFA), 88(1), pp.121-125.

Leaf, A., Leighfield, M., Costeloe, K. and Crawford, M. (1992). Factors Affecting Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Composition of Plasma Choline Phosphoglycerides in Preterm Infants. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 14(3), pp.300-308.

Leaf, A., Leighfield, M., Costeloe, K. and Crawford, M. (1992). Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and fetal growth. Early Human Development, 30(3), pp.183-191.

Maalouf, E., Duggan, P., Rutherford, M., Counsell, S., Fletcher, A., Battin, M., Cowan, F. and Edwards, A. (1999). Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in a cohort of extremely preterm infants. The Journal of Pediatrics, 135(3), pp.351-357.

Marques-Deak, A., Cizza, G. and Sternberg, E. (2005). Brain-immune interactions and disease susceptibility. Molecular Psychiatry, 10(3), pp.239-250.

Min, Y., Crawford, M.A. (2004) Essential Fatty Acids. In Curtis, P (Ed.). The Eicosanoids, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., West Sussex, England. Chap 22: 257–276.

Nelson, K., Dambrosia, J., Grether, J. and Phillips, T. (1998). Neonatal cytokines and coagulation factors in children with cerebral palsy. Annals of Neurology, 44(4), pp.665-675.

Nelson, K., Ellenberg, J. (1978) Epidemiology of cerebral palsy. Adv Neurol, 19: 421–35.

Nyuar, K., Khalil, A. and Crawford, M. (2012). Dietary intake of Sudanese women: A comparative assessment of nutrient intake of displaced and non-displaced women. Nutrition and Health, 21(2), pp.131-144.

Nyuar, K., Min, Y., Ghebremeskel, K., Khalil, A., Elbashir, M. and Cawford, M. (2010). Milk of northern Sudanese mothers whose traditional diet is high in carbohydrate contains low docosahexaenoic acid. Acta Paediatrica, 99(12), pp.1824-1827.

Pharoah, P. (2005). Risk of Cerebral Palsy in Multiple Pregnancies. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America, 32(1), pp.55-67.

Pharoah, P. (2007). Prevalence and pathogenesis of congenital anomalies in cerebral palsy. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 92(6), pp.F489-F493.

Pharoah, P., Cooke, T., Cooke, R. and Rosenbloom, L. (1990). Birthweight specific trends in cerebral palsy. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 65(6), pp.602-606.

Pharoah, P., Cooke, T., Rosenbloom, I. and Cooke, R. (1987). Trends in birth prevalence of cerebral palsy. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 62(4), pp.379-384.

Phylactos, A., Leaf, A., Costeloe, K. and Crawford, M. (1995). Erythrocyte cupric/zinc superoxide dismutase exhibits reduced activity in preterm and low-birthweight infants at birth. Acta Paediatrica, 84(12), pp.1421-1425.

Stanley, F. and Watson, L. (1988). The cerebral palsies in Western Australia: Trends, 1968 to 1981. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 158(1), pp.89-93.

Thies, F., Miles, E., Nebe-von-Caron, G., Powell, J., Hurst, T., Newsholme, E. and Calder, P. (2001). Influence of dietary supplementation with long-chain n−3 or n−6 polyunsaturated fatty acids on blood inflammatory cell populations and functions and on plasma soluble adhesion molecules in healthy adults. Lipids, 36(11), pp.1183-1193.

Uauy, R. and Dangour, A. (2009). Fat and Fatty Acid Requirements and Recommendations for Infants of 0–2 Years and Children of 2–18 Years. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 55(1-3), pp.76-96.

Willatts, P., Forsyth, J., DiModugno, M., Varma, S. and Colvin, M. (1998). Effect of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in infant formula on problem solving at 10 months of age. The Lancet, 352(9129), pp.688-691.

Williams, C., Birch, E.E., Emmett,  P.M., Northstone, K. (2001) Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood Study Team. Stereoacuity at age 3.5 y in children born full-term is associated with prenatal and postnatal dietary factors: a report from a population-based cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 73(2): 316–22.

Yavin, E., Himovichi, E. and Eilam, R. (2009). Delayed cell migration in the developing rat brain following maternal omega 3 alpha linolenic acid dietary deficiency. Neuroscience, 162(4), pp.1011-1022.